Bìol. Tvarin. 2020; 22 (3): 26–31.

Historical essay on the Laboratory of biochemical fundamentals of wool formation

P. V. Stapay, N. P. Stakhiv, O. O. Smolyaninova

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Institute of Animal Biology NAAS,
38 V. Stusa str., Lviv, 79034, Ukraine

The main achievements of the scientific activity of the Laboratory of Biochemical Bases of Wool Formation during the period of its existence, for 42 years (1970–2012) are presented. It is shown that during this period the laboratory developed the theoretical basis of wool formation processes, which are based on the identified patterns of relationship between the level and direction of metabolic processes in sheep, especially in the skin, with morphogenesis, structure, chemical composition and physical characteristics of wool. The research results have been widely published in various scientific journals, including foreign ones (more than 700 articles). 13 monographs and manuals, 23 methodical and one practical recommendations, several information communiqué were published, 34 dissertations were defended, including five doctoral dissertations. Scientific developments are protected by copyright certificates (five certificates) and patents of Ukraine.

Key words: sheep, biochemical processes of wool formation, structure, chemical composition, physical indicators, feeding, selection

  1. Makar IA. The influence of nitrogen and sulfur-containing composites on metabolism processes due to wool production in sheep Diss. … doct. biol. sci. 03.093. Lviv, 1971: 372 p. (in Ukrainian)
  2. Lobur VV. The study of correlation between wool growth and metabolism processes in sheep organism. … cand. biol. sci. 03.093. Lviv, 1971: 140 p. (in Ukrainian)
  3. Lukashevsky ZF. Breed features of structure and chemical composition of hair follicle lipids and wool keratin. … cand. biol. sci. 03.093. Lviv, 1971: 136 p. (in Ukrainian)
  4. Dolynsky AS. The correlation between structure, chemical composition and physical properties of wool in sheep of different breeds.: … cand. biol. sci. 03.00.04. Lviv, 1978: 139 p. (in Ukrainian)
  5. Stapay PV. Influence of some factors on the indices of lipid metabolism in skin, prekeratin of hair follicles and wool fat (wax). Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1978. — 139 p. (in Russian)
  6. Humenyuk VV. Redox processes in sheep skin related to wool growth. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1981: 122 p. (in Russian)
  7. Danyluyk VI. Structure, chemical composition and physical properties of Tsigai X Carpathian sheep wool. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1982: 110 p. (in Russian)
  8. Achilov GB. Age features of structure, chemical composition and physical properties of Karakul sheep Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 03.00.04. Lviv, 1983: 120 p. (in Russian)
  9. Fertikov VI. Changes in keratin fibers structure under acid and alkaline processing. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1985: 149p. (in Russian)
  10. Robak VE. The polymorphism of dehydrogenases and the dynamics of their multiple forms in sheep skin during wool formation process. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1985: 167 p. (in Russian)
  11. Sedilo HM. The influence of zeolites and ammonium sulfate on metabolism indices in blood and on sheep productivity. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv,1986: 108 p. (in Russian)
  12. Martyshchuk NV. Structure, chemical composition and physical properties of colored Tsigai X Carpathian sheep wool and some indices of products made of Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 03.00.04. Lviv, 1989: 140 p. (in Russian)
  13. Hedz BM. The correlation of phosphorus and calcium levels in blood and skin of sheep and wool growth, its structure and quality. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1990: 144 p. (in Russian)
  14. Isaenko NM. Structure, chemical composition and physical properties of wool, its structure and quality. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1990: 108 p. (in Russian)
  15. Koval LV. Biochemical research of sheep wool damaged by microorganisms. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1994: 101 p. (in Russian)
  16. Paranyak NM. Lipid components of sheep blood, skin and wool fat in relation to wool growth. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1995: 111 p. (in Ukrainian)
  17. Sachko RH. The content of sulfur-containing compounds in wool during its annual growth, storage and primary processing. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1995: 113 p. (in Ukrainian)
  18. Protsevyat OM. Influence of minerals on nucleic acid, disulfide groups, glycogen content in hair follicles, on structure, chemical composition and physical indicators of sheep wool. Diss. … cand. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 1996: 127 p. (in Ukrainian)
  19. Stapay PV. Skin lipids, their role in wool production processes and in preservation of the sheep wool natural Diss. … doct. agricult. sci. 06.00.25. Lviv, 1997: 308 p. (in Ukrainian)
  20. Oleksiv RY. Biochemical and genetic characteristics of skin and organs in Carpathian sheep due to their wool cover type. … cand. agricult. sci. 06.00.25. Lviv, 1997: 91 p. (in Ukrainian)
  21. Chokan TV. Biochemical and genetic features of blood in Ukrainian Carpathian sheep due to their wool productivity. … cand. agricult. sci. 06.00.25. Lviv, 1997: 120 p. (in Ukrainian)
  22. Havrylyak VV. Relationship between metabolism indices and wool growth, its structure, physical and chemical parameters. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2001: 117 p. (in Ukrainian)
  23. Lyko IY. Comparative characteristics of structure, chemical composition and physical parameters of normal and defective wool. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2003: 113 p. (in Ukrainian)
  24. Syvyk AY. Metabolic and productive action of protein and mineral supplement for sheep. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2003: 131 p. (in Ukrainian)
  25. Sedilo HM. The role of minerals in wool production processes. A monograph. Lviv, Afisha, 2002: 184 p. (in Ukrainian) (This monograph was a basis for diss. … doct. agricult. sci. in 2004).
  26. Hirzheva OL. Productivity of Askanian multifertile type Karakul sheep when fed rapeseed meals enriched in macro- and microelements. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 02.02. Lviv, 2004: 146 p. (in Ukrainian)
  27. Smolyaninova OO. Melanogenesis peculiarities in Carpathian sheep with colored wool. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2006: 127 p. (in Ukrainian)
  28. Tkachuk VM. Structural lipids of sheep wool keratin due to growth, yellowing processes, physical and chemical properties and nutritional Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 03.00.04. Lviv, 2007: 143 p. (in Ukrainian)
  29. Kochetov SV. Metabolic processes in organism of sheep and their productivity when using chromium in diets. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2008: 132 p. (in Ukrainian)
  30. Strohush NS. Features of lipid composition of skin in sheep of different breeds and wool due to its growth, physical and chemical parameters. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2011: 166 p. (in Ukrainian)
  31. Sydir NP. Biochemical indices of blood and milk in ewes when using different levels of mineral elements (S, I, Cu, Zn, Co) in diets. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2013: 164 p. (in Ukrainian)
  32. Havrylyak VV. Biochemical and species features of hair structure for the normal state and pathology. Diss. … doct. biol. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2015: 326 p. (in Ukrainian)
  33. Tkachuk VM. Biochemical reasons of forming physical and chemical properties of sheep Diss. … doct. agricult. sci. 03.00.04. Lviv, 2015: 360 p. (in Ukrainian)
  34. Tyutyunnyk OS. Metabolism peculiarities and productive qualities in young sheep when using different levels of lysine, methionine and sulfur in their diets. Diss. … cand. agricult. sci. 00.04. Lviv, 2017; 153 p. (in Ukrainian)

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