Bìol. Tvarin. 2020; 22 (3): 45–52.

Main directions of research and achievements of the Laboratory of ecological physiology and product quality in 2000–2020

I. I. Kovalchuk, R. S. Fedoruk, M. M. Tsap

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article presents the main directions of research and the most significant results of the laboratory of ecological physiology and product quality of the Institute of Animal Biology of NAAS for twenty years of its activity. The results of basic research and applied developments obtained during the implementation of tasks included in the scientific programs of NAAS and the Scientific and Methodological Center “Animal Physiology” are presented. The main characteristics of the physiological impact of new effective feed additives and BAS, tested in production and implemented on different species of animals — cattle, sheep, poultry, rabbits, bees, in pond fish, substantiated methods of their use. The relationship between the degree of man-made pollution and the intensity of physiological and biochemical processes in animals, their adaptive and reproductive capacity. The method of arterio-venous difference in the mammary gland revealed some mechanisms of physiological influence of Cd in the body of cows during lactation under conditions of experimental loading of its salts of different concentrations, the level of biotransformation into milk. The study of the biological action of new organic compounds Se in cows, calves and breeding bulls was started for the first time. The composition of the feed additive based on the drug “Sel-Pleks” was developed and tested, which increases the immunobiological, productive and reproductive ability of the body of cows in the conditions of intensive technogenic load. New scientific data on the biological action of the developed protein-mineral supplements in the body of rabbits with different methods of maintenance and feeding. Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of influence of terms of weaning of young rabbits on immunobiological reactivity of an organism are found out. A recipe for granular feed with high protein content has been developed and its effect on growth intensity and physiological and biochemical processes in rabbits has been studied. Possibilities of application of genetically modified feeds in animal feeding and their influence on physiological status, ecological safety and quality of production are substantiated. The influence of GMO soybeans and products of their processing on the formation of adaptive reactions and functioning of individual organs and systems in animals has been studied. The absence of a pronounced negative effect of transgenic soy on the growth and development of the organism and its reproductive ability in female animals has been proved. The effect of Ge in the form of germanium citrate, obtained by nanotechnological method and chemically synthesized, on the state of the immune, reproductive antioxidant and detoxification systems of the body in laboratory rats of two generations has been studied. The peculiarities of ontogenetic development of male F1 rats under the action of different doses of germanium citrate have been elucidated. The possibility of using small and medium doses of germanium citrate to stimulate the body’s immune and antioxidant systems, its reproductive capacity in females of multiple animals is substantiated. Changes in physiological and biochemical parameters of blood and detoxification ability of rats F0 and F1 under the action of different doses of germanium citrate were established. The effect of different doses of germanium citrate on the content of biotic mineral elements in tissues and organs of animals has been studied. Peculiarities of histological structure of tissues of immunocompetent organs of female F1 rats under the action of different doses of germanium citrate are noted. The role of the laboratory staff in the improvement of existing and development of new methods of physiological, biochemical and ecological research, State standards, the possibility of their adaptation and harmonization to modern conditions of science and production is shown.

Key words: laboratory achievements, research methods, development, cattle, sheep, poultry, rabbits, bees, fish

  1. Dolaychuk OP, Matuykha IO, Fedoruk RS. Glycoproteins content and fatty acid composition of heifers blood plasma under condition of feeding “soy milk”. Fizjologia i biochemia w żywieniu zwierząt: VII konferencja młodych badaczy Instytutu fizjologii I żywienia zwierząt im. Jana Kielanowskiego PAN w Jablonnie. Kraków, 2010: 120–123.
  2. Dolaychuk OP, Fedoruk RS, Kovalchuk II. The effect of components of natural and genetically modified soybeans on changes in the immune and reproductive systems in female rats. J. 2013; 59 (2): 65–71.
  3. Dolaychuk OP, Fedoruk RS, Kovalchuk II. Immunological and reproductive functions of the female rats fed by natural and genetically modified soybeans. J. Physiol. Pathophysiol. 2014; 5 (1): 49–55. https://doi.org/10.1615/IntJPhysPathophys.v5.i1.50
  4. Dolaychuk OP, Fedoruk RS, Kovalchuk II, Kropyvka SY. Physiological and biochemical processes in the organisms of rats when feeding them with different amounts of germanium citrate. Bìol. Tvarin. 2015; 17 (2): 50–56. https://doi.org/10.15407/animbiol17.02.050
  5. Dolaychuk O, Fedoruk R, Kropyvka S. Physiological reactivity and antioxidant defense system of the animal organism induced by Germanium, Chromium, and Selenium “nanoaquacitrates”. Sci. Pract. 2015; 2 (2): 50–52. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp2.02.050
  6. Fedoruk R, Tretevich V. The increase of adaptability of cows to the conditions of the industrial milk production technology. Polsko-Ukraińska konferencja naukova “Nauki o zwierzątach w XXI wieku”. Kraków, 2001: 37–40.
  7. Fedoruk R. Blood hormones and their arterio-venous difference by mammary gland in cows during administration of aminazin and phenazepam. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, Section DDD. 2002; XV (7): 303–306.
  8. Fedoruk RS, Pylypiv II. The content of some elements in the blood and hair of young heifer calves due to the excessive level of cadmium and zinc in the feed. Bìol. Tvarin. 2004; 6 (1–2): 369–372.
  9. Fedoruk RS, Holubii YM, Kovalchuk II, Rivis JF, Khomyn MM, Tsap OF. Kropyvka SJ. The use of biologically active impurities in the feeding of cows to increase productivity and reproductive ability under conditions of man-made load on the environment. Lviv, 2006. 47 p.
  10. Fedoruk RS, Lesyk YV, Dubynka IA. Recommendations for effective rabbit breeding. Lviv, 2007. 60 p.
  11. Fedoruk RS, Koleshchuk OI. Immunobiological and antioxidant status of bulls-sires organism at feeding selenium and chrome. Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa “Osiągnięcia naukowe a praktyka zootechniczna”, Kraków, October 17, 2009: 23–27.
  12. Fedoruk RS, Romaniv LI, Kovalchuk II. The content of certain heavy metals in tissues and products of honey-bees under the condition of their feeding with native soy flour adding chloride and aquanano chrome citrate. Bìol. Tvarin. 2015; 17 (1): 140–148. https://doi.org/10.15407/animbiol17.01.140
  13. Fedoruk RS, Dolaychuk OP, Kovalchuk II, Tsap MM. Reactions of physiological systems rats’ organism by watering them low and high doses Germanium “nanoaquacitrate”. Sci. Pract. 2015; 2 (3): 15–21. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp2.03.015
  14. Fedoruk RS, Tesarivska UI, Khrabko MI, Tsap MM. Growth and development of the organism and immunophysiological indices of blood of male F2 rats, affected by different doses of nanogermanium citrate. Sci. Pract. 2017; 4 (2): 14–22. https://doi.org/10.15407/agrisp4.02.014
  15. Fedoruk RS, Khrabko MI, Dolaychuk OP. The effect of germanium citrate on the immunophysiological activity in rats. J. 2017; 63 (2): 65–72. https://doi.org/10.15407/fz63.02.065
  16. Khrabko M, Fedoruk R, Kropyvka S. Indicators of the state of the immune and antioxidant systems in the blood of pregnant female F1 rats under the action of different doses of germanium citrate. Bulletin of the Kyiv National University name of T. Shevchenko. Series: “Problems of regulation of physiological functions”. 2017; 22 (1): 50–53. https://doi.org/10.17721/2616_6410.222.50-53
  17. Khrabko MI, Fedoruk RS, Martyn YV, Tesarivska UI, Shumska MI. Histostructure of the internal organs of female rats of the first generation under the action of different doses of germanium citrate. Bìol. Tvarin. 2017; 19 (4): 73–82. https://doi.org/10.15407/animbiol19.04.073
  18. Koleshchuk OI, Fedoruk RS. Immunobiological and antioxidant status of bulls-sires organism at feeding selenium and chrome. Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa “Osiągnięcia naukowe a praktyka zootechniczna”, Kraków, October 17, 2009: 23–27.
  19. Kovalchuk II, Fedoruk RS. Honey bees and honey are bioindicators of heavy metal pollution. Bìol. Tvarin. 2008; 10 (1−2): 24−32.
  20. Kovalchuk II, Fedoruk RS. The content of heavy metals in the tissues of bees and their products depending on the agroecological conditions of the Carpathian region. Bìol. Tvarin. 2013; 15 (4): 54−65.
  21. Kovalchuk II, Fedoruk RS, Khrabko MI, Romaniv LI. Influence of “Humilid” on the content of lipids and heavy metals in the body of honey bees. Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference dedicated to the 65th anniversary of zootechnical science of Belarus “Competitiveness and quality of livestock products”. Jodino, 2014: 197−204.
  22. Kovalchuk II, Dvylyuk II, Pashchenko AG. Content of mineral elements in honey and its biological value in conditions of feeding to bees of citrates of Co, Ni, Ag and Cu. Bulletin of Agricultural Science. 2018; 8: 38–43. https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201808-06
  23. Kovalchuk II, Fedoruk RS, Vasylkivska TY. Biological action of trace elements citrates on melliferous bees in different life periods. 46th International Apicultural Congress-Beekeeping together within agriculture, Montreal, 8–12 September, Canada, 2019: 161–162.
  24. Lesyk IV, Fedoruk RS, Dolaĭchuk OP. Immunobiological parameters of blood under conditions of addition to the diet of rabbits suspension of chlorella, sodium sulfate, citrate and chloride. J. 2013; 59 (5): 78–83. https://doi.org/10.15407/fz59.05.078
  25. Lesyk YV, Fedoruk RS, Kropyvka SY. Influence of applying Chlorella suspension, sodium sulfate, chromium chloride and chromium citrate in rabbits’ ration on antioxidant status of their The X young scientists meeting Physiology and Biochemistry in Animal Nutrition. Kraków, 2013: 159–162.
  26. Lesyk YV, Fedoruk RS. Effects of dietary supplementation of lysine-protein and chromium chloride on lipid peroxidation and vitamin A and E content in the blood of rabbits. Fiziologia i biochemia w żywieniu zwierząt: VII konferencja młodych badaczy Instytutu fizjologii I żywienia zwierząt im. Jana Kielanowskiego PAN w Jablonnie. Krakow, 2010: 97–100.
  27. Pashchenko AG, Kovalchuk II, Fedoruk RS. Mineral composition of the organism tissues and honeycombs of melliferous bees under the conditions of feeding them soy flour and citrates. Agrobiodiversity for improving Nutrition, Health and Life Quality. 2017; 1: 31–38.
  28. no. 65198 UA, MPK A 23 K 1/16; A 23 1/18; A 01 K 61/00. The method of increasing the productivity and quality of pond fish products / Rivis JF, Khrabko MI, Tsap MM, Frishtak OM. Publ. 25.11.2011, Bul. no. 22.
  29. Potapchuk JV, Fedoruk RS, Tsap OF, Kovalchuk II. Immunobiological indicators, productive and slaughter qualities of bulls of Volyn meat breed and their mixtures with limousines. Scientific and technical bulletin of Institute of Animal Biology and State Scientific Research Control Institute of veterinary medical products and fodder additives. 2008; 9 (1–2): 277–280.
  30. Rivis JF, Fedoruk RS. Quantitative chromatographic methods for the determination of individual lipids and fatty acids in biological material. Methodical manual. 2010. 109 p.
  31. Saranchuk II, Rivis JF, Vishchur VY. The components of the common dandellion pollen as the indicator of the technogenic load on the environment. Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa “Aktualne wyzwania naukowe w chowie i hodowli zwierząt”. Kraków, 17 czerwca, 2011: 127–128.
  32. Tsap MM, Rivis JF. Content of non-esterified fatty acids in carp liver during feeding of oils and fusions. Fisheries Sci. Ukr. 2008; 2: 61–65.
  33. Tsap MM, Rivis JF. Fatty acid composition of skeletal muscles and carp growth when added to the diet of vegetable oils and fuses. Fishing Industry Ukr. 2006; 65: 157–163.
  34. Tsap MM, Rivis JF. Metabolic acid metabolism in carp by feeding fat supplements. Agricult. Sci. 2010; 5: 41–44.
  35. Vlizlo VV, Fedoruk RS, Iskra RJ. Biological action of functional nanomaterials in different species of animals. Agricult. Sci. 2018; 11: 80–86. https://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201811-11





WorldCat Logo